The Expert Mission on Transitional Justice, Contributions to Regulatory Implementation, Colombia
PK thanks to longstanding work experience through many projects, its professional knowledge, expertise and mobilization training skills in various relevant themes and topics, such as: Mediation, ADR, Human Rights, Transitional Justice, Gender Equality and antidiscrimination- locally and internationally, including the training and workshops, conducted for majority and non-majority communities.
PK with Transitional Justice Program is aiming to strengthen its existing knowledge, expertise, practice and skills applied through different projects and activities, implemented locally and internationally. The first crucial experience of PK staff to implement Transitional Justice activities was with RECOM Initiative – The Regional Commission Tasked with Establishing the Facts about All Victims of War Crimes and Other Serious Human Rights Violations Committed on the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia from 1 January 1991 to 31 December 2001. From 2006 – 2008, PK has helped this initiative conducting round-tables and debates and consultative meetings with different relevant stakeholders, in Kosovo and also participating in different events and trainings in Former Yugoslavia.
The idea of the above-mentioned consultation was to explore different opinions and opportunities with different stakeholders from Civil Society throughout Kosovo on the Establishing a Regional Commission for Fact-finding and Truth-seeking-telling about War Crimes in former Yugoslavia. The round table consolations organized by PK did focus on bringing different vulnerable groups together over a one day consultation to discuss the benefits of supporting the establishing such commission for all war victims and other supportive stakeholders for the sake of future generations in the region. PK thanks to longstanding work experience in Transitional Justice program through many projects working with all affected groups such as War widows, Victims of Sexual Violence, Kosovo’s Government Commission on Missing Persons, Families Associations of the Missing Persons, Kosovo Liberation Army War Veterans, etc. as result of Kosovo war in 1999. PK has also contributed with recommendations regarding the appropriate treatment of “Survivors of Sexual Violence during the Kosovo War” within the “Law No. 04/L-054 On the Status and the Rights of the Martyrs, Invalids, Veterans, Members of Kosova Liberation Army, Civilians Victims of War and Their Families”. Over the years PK has supported the social categories in increasing their position in society through Social and Economic Initiatives. Numerous roundtable, conferences, debates, group talks discussions where organized in order to contribute to reconciliation and sustainable integration of Kosovo.
During 2011-2013 PK was active Member of the Kosovo Inter-Ministerial and CSO Working Group for Dealing with the Past and Reconciliation (DWP). In this working group PK was represented by Executive Director as an expert on Transitional Justice, International Mediator, and Gender related issues, serving as DWP chair in period of 3 years of the Fourth Pillar of Inter-Ministerial and CSO Working Group for Dealing with the Past and Reconciliation (DWP). From 2017, PK is actively engaged to support the new Initiative of Kosovo President for establishing Kosovo Truth and Reconciliation Commissions.
Independent Working Group on Transitional Justice – Dealing with the Past
BOGOTÁ, COLOMBIA — Dr. Ma. Lourdes Veneracion-Rallonza, Assistant Professor of the Department of Political Science, Ateneo de Manila University and one of the Conveners of the Independent Working Group on Transitional Justice — Dealing with the Past (IWG TJ-DwP), was invited to participate in the United Nations (UN) Expert Mission (UNO Mission Experts) by UN Women Colombia from 06 to 10 February 2017 to contribute to the gender-informed crafting of implementing mechanisms of Colombia’s Integrated Transitional Justice System.
The Integrated Transitional Justice System is the concretization of transitional justice mechanisms, a key element in the peace agreement between the Colombian Government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolutionaries de Colombia (FARC). It consists of the Commission for the Clarification of Truth, Coexistence and Non-Repetition Experiences, Special Jurisdiction for Peace, Comprehensive Reparations for Peacebuilding, and the Unit for the Search of Persons Considered Missing in the Context of and Due to the Armed Conflict.
As part of the Experts’ Mission, Dr. Veneracion-Rallonza shared the Philippine experience on transitional justice, based on her experience as the Senior Gender Adviser to the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC), as consultant to the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) on the drafting of the Philippine National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security (NAP WPS) 2017-2022, and as one of the conveners of the IWG TJ-DwP. Specifically, she shared her insights on truth commissions, extra-judicial disappearances, reparations, and political participation of indigenous women, and institutional and political imperatives informed by the gender perspective.
On the request of the Colombian Ministry of Justice, the international experts from different countries were asked/tasked to draft specific gender recommendations on the Integrated Transitional Justice System. Accordingly, aside from participating in several round table discussions organized by the Ministry of Justice, the international experts met with members of the Colombian Parliament working on the fast track of transitional justice bills to lobby their recommendations as well as with judges and magistrates of the High Courts, and high officials and advisers from the Executive Branch. They also met with international institutions, Heads of Missions (i.e. European Union, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, and Canada), representatives from the UN System, the FARC, and civil society organizations.
After the five-day Mission, the international experts presented their general recommendations to the Ministry of Justice and the UN; they also issued a communique on the immediate measure to include women in an institutional body crucial to the operationalization of a gender-informed transitional justice system.
Other members of the UN Experts’ Mission were: Laura McGrew (human rights expert; worked in the Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia); Kimberly Theidon (medical anthropologist, Tufts University); Sofia Macher (former Commissioner, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Peru); Margaret Shava (former Commissioner, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Kenya); Shukrije Gashi (Director, Partners Kosova Center for Conflict Management, Member/Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Kosovo); Julissa Mantilla (expert witness on sexual and gender-based violence, Inter-American Human Rights Court); and Michelle Jarvis (Deputy to the Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia).